What You Need to Know About Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a condition that impacts how the body, specifically the pancreas, either can’t make enough of a hormone called insulin or creates insulin that doesn’t work properly. Insulin is a hormone that regulates the body’s blood sugar, and an inability to make or use insulin makes the body’s blood sugar too high. This can result in a range of symptoms, problems, and complications.
Type 2 diabetes is a common condition and almost 90% of all diagnosed diabetics have type 2.
Signs and Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
The signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes can vary from person to person, but there are certain things to look out for.
As type 2 diabetes means the body struggles to properly get glucose from the bloodstream into the cells where it can be used for energy, one of the most common symptoms of type 2 diabetes is often feeling very tired and fatigued.
High blood sugar also means the kidneys have to work overtime to try and filter the excess sugar out. This can lead to needing to urinate much more frequently than usual, especially at night. This increased need to pee can also cause dehydration, so people with type 2 diabetes may feel much thirstier than the average person.
Prolonged high levels of blood sugar can cause damage to small blood vessels and nerves, which can lead to blurred vision that may become permanent vision loss if left untreated. This nerve damage can also impact the circulation, causing even the smallest cuts and grazes to take weeks or even months to heal.
Many people living with diabetes don’t have any symptoms at all, or their symptoms are so mild that they chalk them up to being something else entirely. People can live with type 2 diabetes for several years before their symptoms become severe enough for them to consult their doctor for a diagnosis.
If you have any suspicion that you may have the condition, consult your doctor as soon as possible. Over a long period of time, consistent high levels of blood sugar can damage your heart, eyes, feet, and kidneys, among other potential complications.
If you’re diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, how you manage your condition will depend on its type and severity. Some people can manage their blood sugar with diet alone or by increasing their physical activity or losing weight, while others will need medications or insulin therapy.
Managing your condition properly can, in some cases, even reverse the effects of type 2 diabetes on the body, so getting it right and maintaining stable blood sugar levels is incredibly important.
For many people, type 2 diabetes is a lifelong condition and can even get worse over time, but it’s also possible for some people to go into remission. This means that their blood sugar levels go back to normal after treatment, and there’s no need for further diet control or medication.