Symptoms and Signs of Type 2 Diabetes You Should Be Aware of
Type 2 diabetes is a condition that causes blood sugar levels to become too high. Recognizing type 2 diabetes symptoms early is essential, as the earlier you begin to receive treatment, the lesser your risk of developing complications.
Type 2 diabetes is an increasingly common condition. More than 30 million people in the United States are currently living with the disease, and tens of millions more have pre-diabetes (raised blood sugar levels that are yet to become fully-developed diabetes). Many people with pre-diabetes that’s left untreated will develop type 2 within a few years.
As type 2 diabetes can occur gradually, and symptoms can be mild in its early stages, some people initially don’t know they have it. Read on for more information about the early signs of type 2 diabetes and how to recognize them.
Needing to pee frequently
High blood sugar levels can lead to needing to pee much more frequently than usual. This is because the kidneys are working overtime to try and remove excess sugar from the blood. Increased kidney activity leads to more frequent urination, especially at night.
Feeling Thirsty All the Time
The increased urination that comes about as the kidneys work to filter sugar from the blood can cause water loss from the body. This leads to increased thirst due to dehydration, as your body needs to replace the water that has been lost.
People who have diabetes often struggle to get enough energy from the food they eat, as their body doesn’t properly process the sugars. The human digestive system breaks food down into a substance called glucose, which fuels the muscles. People who have diabetes can’t properly get glucose from the bloodstream into the body’s cells and muscles, which can lead them to feel hungry even if they have just eaten.
Tiredness and fatigue
Type 2 diabetics often have very low energy levels and often feel tired. This is another result of insufficient sugars, making it out of the bloodstream into the cells.
Too much sugar in the blood can cause damage to small blood vessels in the eyes, causing vision to become blurred. This may occur in one or both of the eyes and can come and go, but permanent vision loss can occur if left untreated.
Consistent high blood sugar can cause damage to nerves and blood vessels and impact circulation. This means that even small cuts can take a long time to heal – weeks or even months. This also raises the risk of cuts becoming infected, as they are open to the air for longer than usual.
Tingling in the extremities
High blood sugar can damage the circulation and cause pain, tingling or numbness in the hands, feet, and lower limbs. This is called neuropathy and can lead to serious complications if your diabetes is left untreated.
Dark skin patches
Patches of dark skin may form in the body’s creases, such as the armpit or groin. This is known as acanthosis nigricans and is associated with a higher risk of diabetes.